debit vs credit accounting

debit vs credit accounting

Debit vs Credit Accounting

1. Introduction to Debit and Credit Accounting

The system of double-entry accounting applies “account” for recording transactions. An account is a summary record of similar transactions relating to a particular item (e.g. cash account). The double-entry rule defines each transaction in terms of two accounts and affects both accounts with the same value – but in opposite senses. The concept is derived from arithmetic refinement to “liquid’s” (assets) and “claims” (owners and creditors’ claims on assets) in the Roman system of accounting. It is used in the Balance Sheet. On the right side, capital, assets, and owner’s equity accounts are presented; and on the left side, business owed accounts are presented. The cost incurred accounts are also debited on the left-hand side.

Debit note and credit note accounting is one of the critical aspects of the business world. It is defined as the accounting method which uses the system of debits and credits for recording financial transactions directly in the business accounts. It is a quicker and more transparent accounting method. The double-entry accounting system is being utilized in this accounting method. It records a special type of financial transactions in the business. Financial transactions in the business are categorized into debit and credit. Debits and credits can be applied in a number of business accounts, including the receipt and payment accounts, income and expense accounts, and assets and liabilities accounts. In an accounting entry, this method includes two parties: the receiver/group that receives the benefit and the sender/parties which give the benefit.

2. Understanding Debits and Credits

Debits and credits involve the interaction of 5 accounts. Assets, Expenses, and Dividends are debit accounts. Liabilities, Owners Equity, Revenue, and Income are credit accounts. In the basic model, where the accounting equation is said to be ASSETS equal LIABILITIES plus OWNERS EQUITY, assets are represented by debit balances while liabilities and equity are represented by credit balances. In an expanded form where the equation is ASSETS less LIABILITIES equal OWNER’S EQUITY, with the owner’s equity being comprised of share capital and retained earnings or dividends, we see that it is the share capital whose balance offsets the losses shown by the resulting credit balances. In the days of manual accounting systems, debits had a slightly darker significance as they assaulted the owners’ equity (or Net Income). Automatically, people think of debits as bad for the company and credits as good.

A basic understanding of debits and credits is that you refer to transactions using the terms of debits and credits. For every debit, there must be a credit, and you denote them as ‘DR’ and ‘CR’, respectively. Crazy, right? Regional terminology is used for every country. The ‘traditional’ method in North America is to use debits on the left and credits on the right. The European method is to use debits on the left and credits on the right. Large accounting software firms from the above regions offer both, as many European firms deal with North American clients and vice versa.

The use of debits and credits in accounting terms can be quite confusing at first; however, they provide a system to utilize double-entry accounting. When you write an accounting entry, you use either a debit or a credit action. It would seem to make sense for one to indicate the inflow of assets or income, and the other to show the outflow of assets or the incurring of expenses. Unfortunately, the names do not lend toward understanding that approach!

3. Differences between Debit and Credit Accounting

In general, debits are used for business profit-and-loss records, while credits are utilized for accounting ledgers. When cash is removed from the register, it shows as a “debit” on the company books, but because the money is not directly lost in the conventional sense, it also appears as a “credit” in a different section. Both the “debit” and “credit” terms are recorded in order for bookkeepers and accountants to accurately track changes in the company’s finances. Therefore, the two terms are not used in connection with the same accounts. In simple terms, a loan account might be considered an area in which credited money is deposited, while an account of spent money may represent a debit account. It is from these beginnings that the most common uses of the terms have evolved. Official government accounting remains aloof and largely unconcerned with the terms “debt” and “credit”, since it is more interested in the actual money trail. Societal accounting, though, benefits from these terms applied in this particular way.

Debit and credit accounting can be confusing due to the terms utilized. Simply speaking, a debit refers to money that is deducted from a particular account, while a credit is viewed as money being added to a particular account. This may seem counterintuitive at first, but it will start to make some sense as we further explore the concepts of debit and credit accounting.

4. Advantages of Debit Accounting

Because more businesses operate under the principles of personal accounting, where single-entry accounting is sufficient, there are several advantages to this system of record-keeping over double-entry accounting. The original concept behind the double-entry method was to detect and thereby prevent fraud or accounting error. It also provided a complete and easily reconcilable system of record. But today, with the advances in automation and task specialization, much of the original justification for double-entry accounting has become lost. What was once a major advantage of the system, the automatic proof and error detection, has been replaced by electronic and procedural protections. Meanwhile, cost remains a significant disadvantage to double-entry, with a more significant time investment being required for its maintenance.

Debits and credits are a vital part of an accounting system. Debit accounting, also known as single-entry accounting, forms the foundation of many systems for recording and processing data. In this more traditional method of business record-keeping, each financial transaction is entered once as either a debit or a credit. It is designed to serve the needs of small businesses where the time-consuming complexities associated with double-entry accounting are not practical or desired. Although many highly efficient and capable software applications now automate the majority of transactions in a double-entry environment, many smaller businesses maintain their accounting records as a listing of debits and credits.

5. Advantages of Credit Accounting

2. The advantages of using the credit accounting method is that it shows how money is spent and it tells how much money is remaining. This allows the business to control spending and also to plan out future expenditures. Therefore, irrespective of the type of industry or size of the company, credit accounting remains the most assured and logical accounting method used by businesses today. In fact, various large businesses such as banks and financial institutions utilize credit accounting as it is the only accounting method that they trust. With the explosion of businesses, credit accounting method has seen speculation, especially with the emergence of small-sized businesses, increased requirement of massive information, and increased value in the balance sheet cash. Hence, if you are looking to keep a balance between easy management of transactions, then using credit accounting will be the perfect choice, allowing the transactions to remain constant with financial strategies.

1. Debit is often referred to as the traditional accounting method. It is named so because under this method of accounting, whenever there is an increase in an asset or a decrease in a liability or owner’s equity, an entry is made on the left hand of an account and it is recorded as ‘Debit’. Similarly, whenever there is a decrease in an asset or an increase in a liability or owner’s equity, an entry is made on the right hand side of the account and is recorded as ‘Credit’. This method is used in the general ledger. Under the debit accounting method, account balances are indicated on the right side and are recorded as ‘Credit’.

Place Your Order
(275 Words)

Approximate Price: $15

Calculate the price of your order

275 Words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total Price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic Level
Number of Pages
Principle features
  • Free cover page and Reference List
  • Plagiarism-free Work
  • 24/7 support
  • Affordable Prices
  • Unlimited Editing
Upon-Request options
  • List of used sources
  • Anytime delivery
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Writer’s sample papers
  • Professional guidance
Paper formatting
  • Double spaced paging
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)
  • 275 words/page
  • Font 12 Arial/Times New Roman

•Unique Samples

We offer essay help by crafting highly customized papers for our customers. Our expert essay writers do not take content from their previous work and always strive to guarantee 100% original texts. Furthermore, they carry out extensive investigations and research on the topic. We never craft two identical papers as all our work is unique.

•All Types of Paper

Our capable essay writers can help you rewrite, update, proofread, and write any academic paper. Whether you need help writing a speech, research paper, thesis paper, personal statement, case study, or term paper, essay writing service is ready to help you.

•Strict Deadlines

You can order custom essay writing with the confidence that we will work round the clock to deliver your paper as soon as possible. If you have an urgent order, our custom essay writing company finishes them within a few hours (1 page) to ease your anxiety. Do not be anxious about short deadlines; remember to indicate your deadline when placing your order for a custom essay.

•Free Revisions and Preview

To establish that your online custom essay writer possesses the skill and style you require, ask them to give you a short preview of their work. When the writing expert begins writing your essay, you can use our chat feature to ask for an update or give an opinion on specific text sections.

A Remarkable Student Essay Writing Service

Our essay writing service is designed for students at all academic levels. Whether high school, undergraduate or graduate, or studying for your doctoral qualification or master’s degree, we make it a reality.