parts of speech presentation pdf

parts of speech presentation pdf

The Essential Guide to Parts of Speech: A Comprehensive Presentation

1. Introduction to Parts of Speech

What do our children learn in the first year of life? What is the form of communication that grows with the child? It is imperceptible. It turns out that the answers to these questions are the same: the first-year communication of children is achieved thanks to their continuous exposure to oral language. It can be argued, therefore, that the fundamental learning of the first year of life lies in this area, where the children are the main characters, since they are the protagonists of communication: they listen and they speak, and their family and educators are the audience or interlocutors. It is a privileged position if we consider the latter function according to the child’s stage of development; based on the role that children take in communication, we organize a theoretical scientific framework around what we do not owe from which can name its modules or components (what, in general terms, we know), nor its attributes (“levels of”) (“that it knows or does not know”), but what it manages (“the issues that guide the relations and interactions between the communicator and the community or audience with which it interacts”).

2. Nouns: The Foundation of Language

Noun definition: A person, place, thing, idea, or quality. Ex. mother, valley, dog, bravery, or liberty. Amount of nouns in English: Zero is the only minimum. Some languages have rules that sentences must consist of nouns, and only nouns. English must have at least one noun to create a sentence, due to its design being to combine nouns. Nouns divide into 6 categories, with all nouns taking at least one of these categories and potentially several. Use this spreadsheet to find gender differences, lists of nouns, comparisons, vowel and consonant movement requirements, and more for each kind. First, the “undefined category,” uncategorized, includes all other nouns. Additionally, there’s a reasonable general exception for nouns that don’t fit in other gender and some vague grammatical rules. These are usually nouns in specialized terminology or technical jargon that don’t have another category for an international language like English.

A noun is the foundation of language. It is a word that refers to a tangible object, idea, class of items or individuals, or specific instances of either. Nouns can serve as the basic subject of sentences, adjectives, adverbs, and many kinds of objects. There are several different types of nouns, and these characteristics have a significant impact on both syntax and semantics in a sentence. Nouns serve to allow for naming and, then, allow for a sentence structure by forming the skeleton of a sentence. Without nouns, the only other segments of speech possible would be “empty” grammatical particles or the language’s fundamental concepts of prepositions or conjunctions. Prepositions combine nouns while providing a powerful sentence structure, or conjunctions determine fundamental sentence structure by combining sentences.

3. Verbs: The Action Words

Examples of state of being verbs: I will be happy. She is at work.

Examples of linking verbs: The coffee is hot. The students seem intelligent.

Examples of action verbs: The keys fell from my hands. She pointed to the car.

There are verbs that are called non-action verbs or non-active verbs. These non-action or non-active verbs state that a thing exists. They do not describe an action. Such state of being verbs include “am, is, are, was, were, been, be, being.”

B. Non-Action Verbs

1. Action verbs express a specific action. For example, in the sentence, “The cat jumped over the fence,” “jumped” is the verb indicating the action the cat is currently doing. 2. Linking verbs are equating words that make an equality between the subject and the remainder of the sentence. These include become, feel, appear, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, and turn. Based on the type of sentence pattern, “to appear” can function as a linking or an action verb. When used to show action, as in “I could appear on stage,” it is an action verb. 3. State of Being verbs (used to be verbs) show that things exist. They don’t describe action. These being verbs include are, am, were, been, and is.

A. Verbs

Verbs show action or state of being. A verb tells what occurs or what something has been, is now, or is expected to do. Verbs express such concepts as motion, time, condition, thought, or existence. Many verbs are formed by adding helping verbs or verb phrases.

4. Adjectives and Adverbs: Describing the World

An adverb is a word that modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even a word group. For example: quickly, very, or else. When you’re writing or speaking, adverbs can provide additional meaning and interest by answering how, when, where, how frequently, and how much. Be sure to use adverbs with your verbs to get the attention and response you desire.

What are adverbs?

An adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Remember that adjectives help to describe the details of a sentence, including size, shape, age, color, and texture. As you write or speak, adding adjectives to your description helps to liven up your presentation and paint a vivid picture in the mind of your audience.

What is an adjective?

Whether you’re writing or speaking, using the right adjectives and adverbs can help you describe all the sights, sounds, and actions you’ll experience when you interact with the world. Adjectives add vibrant color and depth to your writing by modifying a noun or pronoun. Adverbs change the way an action takes place by showing time, location, and the manner of the action. Be sure to use adjectives and adverbs carefully to add creativity, depth, and even humor to your communication.

5. Conjunctions, Prepositions, and Interjections: The Glue of Sentences

Are you at a loss for which part of speech to use? Just remember, questions are the way of discovery, and second languages often get complicated before they’re mastered. To sum, prepositions link one thing to another, conjunctions link one situation to another, and interjections are exclamations that express an emotion.

Interjections express surprise, horror, hope, embarrassment, amusement, or any other strong emotion. Interjections are the kind of thing you’d want your parents and teachers not to witness. The nice thing about interjections is that they can be avoided. Although there are dozens of interjections, if those above still aren’t sufficient to express your emotion, then you can just shout out something that does. Some common interjections are: wow, oh, ah, ouch, well, great, huh, yuck.

Unless your outline specifically labels a group of words as prepositional phrases, you may be unfamiliar with what is a very familiar part of speech. A prepositional phrase always has a preposition at the beginning, and is used to modify another part of the sentence, typically a noun. For example: Mary put the bowl on the shelf. The noun modified is shelf. The word on answers the question: Where? The word bowl and the words Mary put modify the word shelf, so this makes on and shelf a prepositional phrase. Some common prepositions are: on, in, against, with, over, before, between, through. Note that prepositional phrases always begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun.

Conjunctions link parts of a sentence together. The key to recognizing a conjunction is to look for the subject/verb combinations that it may be linking. Some common conjunctions are: and, but, or, yet, for, and nor. For example: Mary and Johnny went to the store. The issue Johnny gains two parts – Mary went and Johnny went. The conjunction and links the two things that Mary and Johnny did.

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